Title

An Islamic perspective on inequality in Pakistan

Document Type

Working Paper

Journal/Book Title/Conference

The Pakistan Development Review

Volume

31

Article

1081

Issue

3

Pages

295-316

Publication Date

10-1991

Department or Program

Economics Department

Abstract

This paper examines the distribution of income in Pakistan, and in each of its four provinces, from an explicit and formal Islamic perspective. A cardinally significant Atkinson-Kolm-Sen relative index of inequality reflecting that perspective is proposed and computed from the full HIES data series for the years 1984-85, 1985-86, 1986-87, and 1987-88. There is evidence of a significant decline in overall inequality in Pakistan from 1984-85 to 1987-88, but the level of inequality remains very high. Inter-province and inter-urban/rural differences in inequality profiles within Pakistan and each of its provinces are found to be generally less significant than intra-province and intra-urban/rural differences.