Title

Automatic control: the vertebral column of dogfish sharks behaves as a continuously variable transmission with smoothly shifting functions

Document Type

Article

Journal/Book Title/Conference

Journal of Experimental Biology

Volume

219

Article

1001

Issue

18

Pages

2908-2919

Publication Date

7-7-2016

Department or Program

Biology Department

Additional Department or Program

Cognitive Science Department

Abstract

During swimming in dogfish sharks, Squalus acanthias, both the intervertebral joints and the vertebral centra undergo significant strain. To investigate this system, unique among vertebrates, we cyclically bent isolated segments of 10 vertebrae and nine joints….